The cervical cancer is a tumor that develops in the cells of the cervix. This type of cancer is ranked second among the most common women’s cancer in the world. According to WHO, a woman dies of cervical cancer every two minutes. On the other hand, many doctors have revealed that about 90% of diagnosed patients suffering from cervical cancer develop some symptoms that should not be overlooked. How is the disease does it manifest?
The early stages of the disease are asymptomatic; that is to say that the symptoms do not manifest. Nevertheless, some doctors have found that the first symptoms that indicate that the disease is at an advanced stage are:
1. Pain in the legs In the early stages of the disease, some women experience pain in the legs and swelling. Following the first phase, the cervix is swollen and can impede blood flow. This causes swelling and pain sensation in the legs.
2. Urinary Burns The cervical cancer can be diagnosed by conducting regular analysis of urine. In case the disease is detected by using urine, this implies that the tumor has spread to nearby tissues and it is absolutely necessary to a specialist. Doctors confirm that the urine burns are quite common symptoms in women who suffer from uterine cancer. Urinary tract burns are not only a sign of infection in the bladder, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
3. Bleeding after intercourse With the development of the tumor at the neck of the uterus, the amount of blood becomes more abundant, irregular and accompanied by pain in the pelvis, spine and legs. Some patients suffer from swelling of the lower limbs. In this case, the tumor has entered the last stage (metastatic tumor) and compress blood vessels. In the case where the tumor spreads, it can affect the urinary bladder and cause burns and haematuria (blood in the urine). When the tumor affects the rectum, it can develop symptoms such as tenesmus (pain in the anus), difficult or painful bowel movements and blood in the stool. If the tumor affects the ureters (upper urinary tract) it can cause hydronephrosis; an increase in the volume of the pelvis (body receiving the urine formed in kidney tissue and ensure its flow into the ureter) or renal failure. In later stages, it can cause vesico-vaginal fistula (abnormal communication between the bladder and vagina) or recto-vaginal (abnormal communication between the rectum and vagina).
In less frequent cases, other diseases may accompany the cervical cancer. These diseases are systemic manifestations; that is to say they occur at a distance from where the cancer develops following the production of a substance by the tumor. A bloodborne (transport of particles in the body by the blood) is rare. Especially in the early stages of the disease. However, in advanced stages of the disease, the tumor can spread through the blood and affect various organs and body tissues. Therefore, in the case of bone metastases, the patient will suffer from pain in the bone which may even fracture. In the case of lung metastasis, the patient will have difficulty breathing. Other symptoms may occur such as cough, shortness of breath and hemoptysis (rejection of blood). If the tumor affects the liver, it will cause disturbances in several metabolic functions in the body such as jaundice, weak immune systems, and even coma. In cases where the tumor affects the brain, it can cause neurological symptoms such as severe headache, vomiting, diplopia (double vision) and balance disorders. Other symptoms include: fatigue, loss appetite, anemia, uremia (urea secreted by the liver into the blood) and secondary infections.
A paraneoplastic syndrome means all anomalies that may accompany certain cancers such as: · The hypercalcemia (high calcium levels in the blood). · Disturbance of adrenocorticotropic hormone; which stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids that like cortisol.